CBD seems to be a hot subject right now. More and more people are using it and many seem to believe that it is the long-awaited cure-all substance. And even though there isn’t enough scientific evidence to confirm all of the health benefits CBD is credited for, the fact remains that users start noticing significant improvements after using it.
Even though CBD is very popular, many people are still confused about the way it’s made. Is it made of marijuana, hemp, or cannabis? The answer is – CBD is made of all three of them.
Both marijuana and hemp belong to the cannabis plant family. Marijuana is the female species, whereas hemp is the male species of the plant. CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the 100+ compounds called cannabinoids present in all varieties of the cannabis plant.
The main difference between marijuana and hemp is in the THC content. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive substance found in these plants, i.e. the substance that makes users ‘high’. The THC content in marijuana is greater than 0.3%, whereas, in hemp, this content is below 0.3%.
That’s why, if you’re using hemp, you can’t get high. The THC content in it is not enough to produce the well-known euphoric feelings. The situation is different with marijuana, which is known for its mind-altering properties and is still illegal in many countries.
So, although both hemp and marijuana contain CBD, the high levels of THC make marijuana illegal. The CBD oil that is sold in the shops and online is actually derived from industrial hemp.
CBD has become so popular in the last few years due to the claim that it can help treat a number of conditions and ailments, ranging from depression and anxiety to migraines and menstrual cramps. Here is what CBD can help with:
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Seizures and epilepsy
To date, there’s the only evidence that CBD can help with epilepsy and seizures. The FDA has approved the first medication derived from cannabis, Epidolex, which can be used to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy –Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
After the hemp plant is harvested, the manufacturers need to decide if they’re going to make a CBD isolate product, i.e. a product which will contain extracted CBD only, or a full spectrum product, i.e. a product made with an extract that contains all of the compounds present in the cannabis plant.
The extraction can be done with several methods, including the more complex CO2 method, where CO2 is forced through the hemp plant to extract the oil, and the alcohol method, where the plant is soaked in alcohol. After the alcohol evaporates, the CBD oil is left behind.
CBD comes in many different forms. Besides oil, there are also CBD edibles, tinctures, sprays, creams, lotions, capsules, vapes, etc.
The dosage depends on a number of individual factors, including the person’s age and weight, the condition being treated, as well as the product’s concentration.
As CBD products are not regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration, be sure to speak to your doctor if you’re planning to start using them, especially if you are already taking any prescription medications.
The above-mentioned differences between marijuana and hemp are just a generalization. In fact, there’s a number of cannabis species that fall under both these terms. The terms hemp and marijuana have been used to help people understand their different properties and legality.