What is cholesterol?

January 21, 2020

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that is produced by the body and is vital for humans. Cholesterol is an essential component in building our cell walls and is also involved in the production of several hormones, such as estrogen, testosterone and cortisol. At the same time, the dietary fat cholesterol is involved in the production of bile acid and vitamin D. Cholesterol is hardly soluble in water, so the body has to find a way to move the fats in the blood. For this reason, cholesterol combines with water-soluble protein components, which are made up of fat and protein, and therefore finds a way to transport them from the blood vessels to the body cells. The connection between protein components and cholesterol is called lipoprotein, and there are low (LDL) and high (HDL) density lipoproteins.

If you have too much cholesterol in your blood, this can be harmful to your health. High cholesterol levels increase your risk of cardiovascular disease, such as hardening of the arteries, stroke and heart attack.
compare good and bad  cholesterol foods

What is LDL and HDL?

There are two important lipoproteins in the body, HDL (high-density lipoproteins) and LDL (low-density lipoproteins). The HDL cholesterol is known as the good cholesterol, while LDL cholesterol is known as the "bad" cholesterol. The higher the cholesterol content in the lipoproteins, the lower the density of the compound, which is more harmful to health.

The LDL has a high fat content with approximately 75% and thus a low density. LDL is responsible for transporting cholesterol from the liver to the body cells. A large amount of LDL can damage your health, which is why it is considered "bad". If your LDL level is too high, the low-density lipoprotein can settle on the walls of the blood vessels, forming calcifications and thus narrowing the blood vessels. This can lead to circulatory problems, which can trigger a heart attack or stroke.

HDL has a high density with a maximum fat content of 50% and transports excessive cholesterol to the liver, where it is broken down and excreted by the bile. HDL is the counterpart of LDL. HDL collects the cholesterol from the vessel walls and transports it back to the liver. HDL reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and can also balance LDL levels up to a certain point. The HDL level in the blood should not be too high or too low.

What quickly lowers cholesterol?

There are no miracle cures that "quickly" lower cholesterol levels, but there are some that work. We can give you tips on how you can lower your cholesterol level.

The following points can help you lower your cholestero

  • Exercise
  • Eating the right food
  • Eat less
  • Avoid sugar to reduce fats
  • Medications


If you want to lower your cholesterol level, exercise and a balanced diet, is essential. The body requires a proper nutritional balance.


Try to find a sport that you enjoy. This can range from hiking, cycling to more intensive activities like running or dancing. It would be best if you do 150 minutes of moderate exercise every week. This means that you make enough effort to increase your heart rate and sweat. A more active lifestyle can naturally lower your cholesterol.


There are also many medications that can help you to lower your cholesterol levels. We have a selection of medications for treating high cholesterol, which you can easily purchase online. But before you take these drugs, you should try to keep the condition in check naturally.


How does high cholesterol become noticeable?

High cholesterol usually does not cause symptoms. You can only determine your cholesterol level by a blood test. The general blood tests often include a test of your overall cholesterol level. A thorough examination is often done if you have high total cholesterol or are overweight, over 40 years old, or if you have heart problems and high cholesterol levels in your family.

fatty food high cholesterol

Which foods help lower cholesterol levels?

A quarter of our cholesterol is absorbed through our food. Which is why you should change your diet and be aware of the ingredients in your food. When you change your diet, we are not talking about completely avoiding foods containing cholesterol. There are good and bad fatty acids that you should distinguish between. Once you have studied the matter in detail, a change is usually not so difficult.

Try to include the following foods in your meal

  • Whole wheat, spelt and dark rice
  • Fruit and vegetables
  • Avocado
  • Olive oil
  • Fish
  • Soya
  • Pulses
  • Nuts
  • Green tea
  • Dark chocolate
  • Margarine with phytosterols

But which foods should one avoid if cholesterol is too high? It is recommended to avoid meat patties, sausages, butter, cream, hard cheese, cakes, biscuits and foods containing coconut or palm oil.

Which cholesterol levels is best?

The cholesterol level consists of four blood values, the total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides. Your cholesterol is too high if your total cholesterol is above <190 mg/dl = 5 mmol/l. Other cholesterol normal values for healthy people are LDL <115 mg/dl = 2.95 mmol/l, HDL at least 40 mg/dl for men or 48 mg/dl for women and triglycerides <150 mg/dl = 1.69 mmol/l.

These cholesterol limits have been established for a healthy person. If you belong to a medium to very high risk group, your doctor will take other limits into account when evaluating your blood test.

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